Updated Feb 2019
Cpr facts and stats published and released annually by various organizations and publications in the health and safety space. According to recent stats, more than 70% SCA or Sudden Cardiac Arrests occur at home or similar private settings.95% of Sudden Cardiac Arrest victims die prior to even reaching the hospital. Out of all these numbers, only 6% survive cardiac arrest. Therefore, getting trained and acquainted with the basics of CPR and learning how to perform CPR will help you save life of a loved one.
An unresponsive victim with no signs of breathing and pulse is considered to be in a cardiac arrest. Providing CPR in the initial minutes can help circulate blood that contains oxygen to the victim’s brain and other vital organs.
KEY CPR FACTS AND STATISTICS
- More than 350,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests occur in the United States per year, out of which 70% happen inside homes
- 90 percent of people who suffer cardiac arrest die prior to reaching a hospital or medical care facility.
- Effective CPR provided by a bystander in the first few minutes of cardiac arrest can increase the chances of survival by 2x or 3x.
- According to AHA, the bystander should push the chest at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute.
- Less than 20 percent Americans are equipped to perform CPR during a medical emergency situation.( AHA Study)
- CPR aids in maintaining vital flow of blood that to the brain and heart. It also aids in increasing the duration of electric shock provided via a defibrillator, thereby, making the process more effective.
- If a bystander does not perform CPR, the survival chances of a victim will decrease 7% in every single minute of delay.
- Within 5 – 6 minutes after a victim has experienced cardiac arrest and within that time span, no CPR is performed, followed by defibrillation, the victim might further suffer from brain death crisis.Within 4 to 6 minutes after a victim has experienced cardiac arrest brain death and permanent death starts to occur
- In addition to cardiac arrests, 7 million people, including children and adults suffer injuries every year in their homes or within similar environments. Use of CPR is commonly required in those medical emergencies.
- As per studies, 45% heart attacks occur amongst people under 65 years of age.
- As per AHA, 1 in 6 men and 1 in 8 women, above 45 years of age have had stroke or heart attack.
- When providing mouth-to-mouth resuscitation , the victim receives oxygen concentration of 16 vs the 20 to 21 percent received by ambient air.
Medical Emergencies where CPR can be used
- Heart attack
- Electric shock
- Allergic reactions of severe nature
- Drug overdose
Timeline of CPR
- 0 to 4 minutes, unlikely development of brain damage
- 4 to 6 minutes, possibility of brain damage
- 6 to 10 minutes, high probability of brain damage
- 10 minutes and over, probable brain damage
AHA or American Heart Association has been involved in providing education related to CPR only within the contours of public chest compression, in order to encourage more and more people to combat and respond to medical emergencies that require CPR and first aid performance.
Most individuals or bystanders get apprehensive about medical emergencies and similar situations. They either fear handling a victim or lack the knowledge of giving CPR and responding effectively in such situations. For the first few minutes, a bystander can relax and gear up before responding to the victim because the victim has sustainable amount of oxygen in his/her blood within those few minutes. The most important thing to do is get the oxygenated blood circulated via the heart, brain and lungs of the victim, which is ensured when the bystander or rescuer starts giving chest compressions.
Why should you learn CPR skills ?
Cardiac arrests are not uncommon medical emergencies. They can occur at any time and any place. Even an individual who might appear to be healthy can suffer from a cardiac arrest or similar condition. Furthermore, cardiac arrest and heart attack are not same conditions. Sudden cardiac arrest does not occur out of any severe heart condition. It can occur out of electrical impulses, severe injuries etc. Therefore, it will be helpful for not only you but others around you, to learn at least the basics of CPR and techniques of performing the same on victims, irrespective of gender or age.
Vital facts of choking
- According to AHA, over 90% deaths due to foreign objects occur amongst children below the age 5 years, while 65% is amongst infants.
- Liquids are amongst the most common causes of choking, especially in infants.
- 19% causes of choking are due to candies, while 65% are due to hard candies.
- 160 children within the age 14 years, in 2000, died because of respiratory tract obstruction due to ingestion or inhalation of foreign bodies.
- In 2001, about 11% children were treated for choking emergencies.
What percentage of people are saved by CPR ?
- According to a study by AHA (PDF)
4% to 16% of patients who received immediate CPR were eventually discharged from the hospital. This number includes people who were already at the hospital during the cardiac arrest
- According to The new England journal of medicine, About 18% of people aged above 65+ who received CPR at the hospital survived and were discharged