CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation is one protocol of first aid that everyone should be acquainted with. It is a technique for reviving a patient who has lost consciousness, lack the ability to breath and has collapsed. It can be due to cardiac arrest, near-drowning, choking, electrocution or similar medical crisis. CPR technique is about giving chest compression and mouth-to-mouth breaths. However, the ratio is not same for adults, infants and kids. Having said this, you should also know some basic facts relevant to children and infants.
Why should children learn about CPR?
Children and infants are vulnerable. They are prone to incurring different accidents – from minor fall, burns, cuts to major choking situations. In fact, choking is the leading cause of death amongst children, within the age of 5. Children and infants are at high risk when it comes to choking incidents and food is the most common cause of choking in children. In the US alone, 1 kid dies every 5 days because of choking and over 10,000 kids are rushed to the emergency room due to choking injuries.
Sudden cardiac death and sudden cardiac arrest amongst children and infants are not rare. But such conditions occur unexpectedly and because of this, efforts are being made to find evidences and factors for preventing these incidents.
As an adult only, you don’t have the responsibility to handle different crisis and emergencies. Even kids need to be taught about the duties and how to tackle situations when faced by them, especially, medical emergencies. Kids should be taught about CPR and how to resuscitate someone during an emergency.
Facts suggest that in America, 6000 lives can be saved each year, if only more and more bystanders gave CPR and handled emergencies by following proper procedures.
Teaching CPR in schools
More and more schools should offer knowledge and training relevant to first aid and CPR. This will not only help the kids to handle and give CPR to save another person’s life, but also prepare them for sufficing future job requirements. Furthermore, by doing so, cardiac survival rates amongst communities will also get the much needed boost. When school kids are taught about CPR, you get to strengthen safety in the community and provide students with skills that will help them in their future. Let’s face it, teaching CPR to kids is easier than teaching the same to adults – children are more focused and will take the entire process seriously.
What’s the appropriate age to train children?
There is no specific age limit, but at the same time, you cannot train a toddler to perform CPR right?! As long as a child is capable and strong physically to give compression on an adult chest in an adequate manner and effectively, he/she can be taught everything about giving CPR and first aid. Children should be taught about understanding situations and determining the same and then taking the necessary action. As long as, a child is capable enough to dial 911, he/she is ready to get the necessary skill development and training. It might take at least 9 or 10 children to give effective chest compressions to an adult with the necessary physical strength.
What should you know about the entire process of teaching children about CPR?
First and foremost, children don’t have the same attention span as adults. The attention span might become shorter, with the age of a child (younger the kid) Therefore, it is important to keep the sessions precise and short and never forget to take breaks frequently. Try working on a specific topic for at least 10 minutes but not more than that.
Children are known to become enthusiastic and are always ready to please. As an instructor, encourage their achievement and skill development by being positive or even celebrating.
Children don’t have any kind of preconceived notion or idea of the outcome of a specific technique or whether they will hurt a victim or not. They are more than willing to provide their help and solve the problem.
Remember, the students are mere children. Keep this in mind and don’t go overboard with your instructions and training. Explain and let them know only those pointers that they need to know. Don’t go into details to the core, you will only lose their interest.
Kids between the ages 10 and 12 – gear up to take up babysitting jobs. Teach such kids about children and infant CPR, as it will help them in their jobs.
If certification is not the main requirement, let the kids learn about hands-only CPR only.
Though kids are not as strong as adults to perform CPR alone in an effective manner, it’s absolutely important to keep them informed, and enable them to ingrain the inputs till it’s time to utilize them. You can start by teaching your kids when to and how to dial 911. You can teach the basics of CPR, along with the functioning of our respiratory systems. This will enable them to comprehend the benefit and purposes of CPR better.