Basic Life Support (BLS) vs Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) -

Basic Life Support (BLS)

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)


Definition:  Basic Life Support can be defined as the level of medical care which is offered to patients suffering from life-threatening diseases or injuries before and during the time they are shifted to higher level of treatments.  


Definition:  Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation may be primarily defined as mouth-to-mouth ventilation. External defibrillation along with Automatic External Defibrillator (AED) has been included recently as a segment of the suggested guidelines of the AHA (American Heart Association).


Periphery: Basic Life Support is a broader concept which deals with cardiac arrest, stroke or any other scenario where breathing or heartbeat troubles have been associated.


Periphery: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is a vital component of Basic Life Support and Pediatric Advance Life Support. CPR comes under Basic Life Support.


Certification course: First time BLS certification course lasts for 8 hours. While a re-certification course duration may be of 4 hours. This duration may vary depending on the trainer and trainee.   Certification course: The course length varies between 2 to 5 hours depending on the type of subjects you want to cover.   
Who can learn: The techniques and guidelines can be learned by anyone starting from a layman, teacher, day-care provider to emergency medical professionals. Who can learn: Anyone can learn these methods of urgent medical assistance. A BLS certificate prior to the CPR certification course is recommended by institutes. However, it is not mandatory.   
Purpose: Basic Life Support helps in adequate amount of blood circulation and breathing from a clear passageway. It is done in order to provide adequate ventilation and circulation until professional medical aid and tools is there to help. It is a “holding-operation”, especially when the key pathology is respiratory stoppage, it may reverse the cause and help in full recovery.  Purpose: Only Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is not capable of restarting the heart. The main purpose of CPR is to reinstate the partial oxygenated blood flow to heart and brain. The idea is to slow down tissue death and to expand the casement of chance for a successful resuscitation with no permanent damage of the brain.          
Benefit:   Basic Life Support is designed to uphold life in the victims until ALS (Advance Life Support) arrives or the patients are taken to the hospital Benefit:  CPR is an integral part of BLS which helps in continuing the heart and lungs activity until greater medical support arrives.   
Works: Basic Life Support takes place during and after CPR in a constant effort to sustain the life of the attacked person.      Works: CPR works to provide blood and fresh oxygen to the body until the activity of lung and heart can be restored.
Features:  Basic Life Support are the ABC’s. “A” stands for “airway” and the safeguarding of a clear passageway. “B” stands for “breathing” and the stages of respirations. “C” stands for “circulation” and a sufficient quantity of blood flow to supply to critical organs. Features: CPR is carried out when a patient stops breathing and has no pulse. Though, basic life support can be executed many other times. For instance, bleeding control is BLS that can be managed while the patient is alert

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