FIRST-AID PLAN of ACTION
First aid typically begins before you get into contact with the casualty. What this means is that you should approach the scene of casualty with confidence. Your body language and control will have a significant impact on the casualty and the bystanders alike.
Assess the Situation
- What has happened? Quickly asses and observe the scene
- Is there any active danger to you or the casualty?
- Are you at risk?
Make the Area Safe
First things first, do not get distracted by any unimportant activities at the scene. For example bystanders would want to talk to you, find out about the victim etc. Time is of essence and should not be wasted.
Equally important is for you to keep your calm. Do not get emotionally involved, focus on thinking about what to do next, and best of all, use common sense. This particularly means not getting involved in activities that are out of your control and not trying to do things you are not trained for.
Give Emergency Aid
Follow the ABC of Resuscitation first on casualties who need it most urgently. This can be done by assessing the casualties. Find out if the casualty is conscious, has a pulse, has an open airway, is breathing. But always ensure that you first seek professional medical help before starting the first aid and cpr procedures.
How to seek professional help
The best is to call from your cell phone if possible. But in case you are not with one, ask the bystanders to make the emergency call.
Bystanders often gather at the place of emergency and accident. Bystanders may also include people who are injured themselves but may not be aware of it. Your job is to seek help from them if possible but remember to be calm and gentle.
Where to Find A Telephone
If you do not have your mobile phone with you, you can make emergency calls from using one from a bystander of look for emergency phones if you are on a highway.
If a bystander has made the call for you, ensure that he/she confirms that help is arriving and that the location has been communicated properly.
Key Points of the Emergency Call
- Tell your name clearly. Do not panic.
- Tell about your location. If you do not know your location, tell them that.
- Give your phone number if any.
- Mention a nearest landmark if you cannot tell the exact location
- Explain the accident / emergency in precise and clear words.