It is vital that you do not become a casualty yourself while giving first aid to others. Some situations are more dangerous than others and as a first aid volunteer you should be well aware how to approach and react in such situations. For example, the casualty may still be in contact with a source of electricity, or she may be near a fire etc. Here are some great tips to deal with such situations.
When the casualty has electrical injuries
If the casualty is in contact with electricity, stop the current at once by switching off the main plug. If in case that is not possible, get the casualty’s limb away from the electrical contact; stand on a dry surface, such as wood, a folded newspaper, or a rubber mat, and carefully knock the limb clear with a similar material.
- Do not attempt first aid until the contact of the casualty with the electricity is not broken
- Do not touch anything wet because water conducts electricity
- High-voltage electricity, for example, from overhead cables is extremely powerful. If a casualty is touching, or near, these cables, do not approach him before you have been officially told that it has been switched off and that the area is safe. Stay at least IS m (20 yd) away; call the police.
When casualty has fire burns
If you arc confronted by a fire at home or in the street, act quickly and precisely. Call the emergency services, giving as
much information as possible. If trapped in a room, shut the door, open a window and try to get out through the window as quickly as possible; lower yourself by your arms and drop feet first. If a person is on fire, follow the Stop, Drop, Wrap, Roll procedure
- Do not enter a smoke-tilled room or building: there is a serious danger of your being overcome by smoke or
being badly burnt. If you have to pass through a burning room, keep close the ground where the air is clearest.
- Do not attempt to put a big fire.If in any doubt about your safety, call the emergency services, wait for them
to arrive and do not put yourself at risk.
Accidents may be complicated by the spillage of dangerous substances. Vans and lorries carrying chemicals display
panels that indicate what they are carrying, its properties, a special code number and a telephone number. Pass these details to the emergency services.
- Do not attempt a rescue unless you are sure that you will not come into contact with thc hazardous substances
- Do not approach a vehicle that is carrying toxic chemicals; if visible, note the details on the panel and give them
to the emergency services.