Two-person CPR method is applied when there’s an additional rescuer available. Using an additional CPR Rescuer helps in maintaining the required CPR compression ratio. In such cases, both the volunteers can work in coordination to revive the patient.
|STEPS TO TWO-PERSON CPR
|STEP 1||Evaluate the scene|
|STEP 2||Approach and Access|
|STEP 3||RESCUER 1||If patient is unconscious, immediately Ask the other rescuer to immediately call emergency medical assistance|
|STEP 4||Begin CPR
at a rate of at least 100 compressions per minute and the chest should be compressed at least 2 inches or 1/3 the thickness of the persons chest from front to back allowing full recoil in between each compression
|STEP 5||Push hard and fast in the center of the person’s chest until help arrives, trying to limit all pauses to chest compressions to less than 10 seconds|
|STEP 6||If the first person performing chest compressions is tired, switch positions after two minutes. It’s important not to spend too much time switching as this will reduce the effectiveness of CPR|
|STEP 7||RESCUER 2||Repeat cycle of compressions and ventilations (at a rate of 30/2 for an adult or 15/2 for a child or baby). Responder at head periodically checks for effectiveness of compressions by feeling for carotid pulse|
|STEP 8||Once the AED has been applied and turned on, continue doing chest compressions at 100 per minute and follow the instructions from the AED|
|STEP 9||If there is any change in patient’s condition, stop CPR and check ABCs|
- The cycle of CPR for patients is 2 rescue breaths for every 30 compressions
- In the case of two person CPR, the cycle is 30 compressions to 2 breaths for adults
- For children, the rate is halved. The cycle is 15 compressions for every 2 breaths
- For a non-responsive adult or child, the pulse should be checked on the neck.
- For infants ,the pulse is too faint to be detected on the neck and can be detected on the arm in the brachial artery.
- In terms of resuscitation, anyone over the age of 12 years can be treated as an adult, anyone between 2- 12 years is a child.
- Anyone younger than 2 years is to be treated according to the CPR rules for infants.
Method of 2 man CPR :
First, check for any signs of response from the victim. If the victim is in an unresponsive state, check for pulse and signs of breathing.
Ask the other volunteer to call for help by calling your local emergency number and giving details of the victim’s condition and whereabouts.
Lay the victim on a flat surface.
Start the chest compressions with about 100 compressions per minute. After every 30 compressions, follow with breaths. Since two man compression has an extra person to help, one person can give the compressions while the second can give the breaths. This can be alternated every two minutes since compressions are quite tiring for one person to handle.
Make sure that there is no gap in giving the compressions, your actions will be helpful in supplying blood to the brain.
In case the victim is a child, use 15 compressions and then give breaths instead of thirty.
For infants, be sure to support the neck and back while attempting resuscitation in order to avoid injury to the patient.
Both the CPR givers need to alternate between giving breaths and chest compressions and switch positions once each person is tired. this method is to be followed till an AED arrives.
An AED is an Automated External Defibrillator that will externally stimulate the heart into giving a response. Make sure there’s no water around when the AED is going to be operated as it conducts electricity.