Contrary to common knowledge, some heart attacks are not obvious. It is therefor important to learn about the sign and symptoms of heart attack. Recognizing a heart attack earlier can be life saving and minimize further damage and part of very important knowledge for students and practitioners of CPR
Warning Signs of Heart Attack
- Discomfort or chest pain
- Vomiting and nausea
- Difficulty in breathing
- Light-headedness and dizziness
- Tightness in chest
- Pain in arms, upper body, jaw and neck
Call for Emergency Help
If you are experiencing the symptoms mentioned above, you must call local service of ambulance or 911 for quick and safe transportation to take you to hospital. You must not drive by yourself to reach the emergency room.
You need to have early medical treatment within few hours of heart attack. This will reduce the hazard that is caused by the attack. By knowing the warning signs, you can save yourself.
The department of hospital emergency takes essential and crucial steps when it comes to attending a heart patient. First of all, he is taken to the examination room. The person is checked carefully. After that, a heart monitor is connected to the person. All the activities of heart are then checked.
The heart patient can also have an intravenous line. This line is inserted in the arm of the patient. This way, it becomes easier for the staff to take test samples and give medicines. In addition to this, oxygen is given through a nose tube.
You will not be allowed to drink or eat anything until a diagnosis is made. Until then, the patient has to take considerable rest.
Medicines in Emergency
Medicines are given to the heart patient in the emergency department that helps in the minimizing the damage that is caused by heart attack. Different drugs include heparin, aspirin and antiplatelets. There is a therapy known as thrombolytic that is given to the patent for dissolving clots formed during the heart attack. Nitro-glycerine is included in the nitrates that relax the arteries of the patient and provide oxygen to other muscles of heart. There are drugs that are given to the vessels and they decrease the heart load. They also help in reducing anxiety and pain. The team of health care choose those drugs that are perfect for the heart patient.
After Emergency Treatment
The staff of emergency department works for diagnosing the attack and they bring the heart attack situation under the control. When the condition is stabilized, patient is taken to the other area of hospital known as coronary care unit. There are some times when the patient is taken to another area known as step down unit. Such units have specific instruments and are handled by trained nurses and doctors that provide the best care to the heart patient.
The team of health care will watch the rhythm and rate of patient’s heart. This keeps on working until the damage is stopped. This is the point where the care of patient alters to education regarding the process of recovery.