Respiratory failure is one of the main causes of cardiac arrest in a child. The resuscitation techniques used depend on a child’s age and size. If he is aged eight or over, use the adult sequence
CHECK CASUALTY’S RESPONSE
Try to get a response by talking to the child or gently shaking him. If there is no response call out for help immediately
OPEN THE AIRWAY: CHECK BREATHING
Tilt the head back to Open the airway Check for breathing if the child is breathing, place him in the recovery position
BREATHE FOR THE CASUALTY
Look into the mouth and clear an obvious obstruction. For a child, keep the head tilted hack, pinch the nose and give live breaths of mouth—to—mouth ventilation keep the head tilted back and breathe into the mouth and nose
ASSESS FOR CIRCULATION
Cheek for circulation or up to ten seconds If there is a pulse, continue with artificial ventilation if you cannot feel a pulse and there are no signs of recovery commence CPR.
Alternate [chest compressions with one breath of artificial ventilation for one minute (approximately 10 cycles), before’ calling an ambulance.
WHEN TO CALL AN AMBULANCE
IF you have a helper, one should call an ambulance while you treat the casualty IF you are alone, give one minute of CPR if circulation is absent, or one minute of ventilations if circulation is present, before calling an ambulance. Continue the treatment.